300 Different Ramayanas
Although “Srimadvalmikiyaramayanam” is documented in human society, there are about 300 Ramayanas, big and little, everywhere on the planet.
Everyone knows about the incident where the robber Ratnakar became Sage Valmiki. Hiranyagarbha Vishnu recited the 100 verses of the “Original Ramayana” (1) To Brahma, so he became conscious of Brahma and called Narad Valmiki to inspire him to compose an entire Ramayana. From then on, Sage Valmiki became the first poet Sage Valmiki, the author of the first poem Ramayana. this is often the oldest epic of this world “Srimadvalmikiyaramayanam”. (2)When we ask the people around us, “How many Ramayanas are there?” the overall answer would be, “2 o’clock, Valmiki Ramayana and Krittivasi Ramayana”. nobody can say that there are 2 more because of the origin of Ramayana. one among them is named Divyalok which is named “Mool Ramayana (3)” (100 crore verses) and therefore the other is named “Mool Ramayana” (100 verses) narrated by Vishnu.
Apart from that, there are different aspects of an equivalent incident. The events are seen from the purpose of view of every character of the story also are different, there are legends, there are side stories of the story, and so on. Sage Valmiki has also written about the events seen within the eyes of Rama’s guru Maharshi Basishta within the book “Yoga Basistha Maharamayanam” (4). there’s also “Adhyatma Ramayanam” (6) describing the spiritual sort of Rama, there’s “Ananda Ramayanam” (6) which describes the side story of Ramayana, “Adbhut Ramayanam” (6) written from the purpose of view of the mother Sita, “Hanuman Ramayanam” (9). There are more to translate and write in several languages.
Ramayana Books (Extras)
Sanskrit Ramayana books
(1) The first Ramayana narrated by Lord Vishnu – 100 verses. this is often the primary canto of the primary chapter of Srimad-Valmiki Ramayana. Originally the first poet Sage Valmiki added it as a source of his inspiration.
(2) Srimadvalmikiyaramayanam – consistent with Valmiki Ramayana,
Twenty-four thousand verses Shlokanamuktabanrishi: 6
That is Sargashatanpancha Shatkandani Tathottaram
Bengali translation: Sage Balmiki composed the Ramayana in twenty-four thousand verses, of which he composed five hundred (more) verses and extra sequels.[Note: – The primary six stanzas are considered original. E.g.]
1. Balkanda – 7 cantos
2. AyodhyaKanda – 119 cantos
3. Aranyakanda – 65 cantos
4. Kishkindhakanda – 6 cantos
5. Sundarkanda – 6 cantos
6. War-126 cantos, 131 cantos in sectarianism
In all, there are 534 cantos within the main part and 538 cantos within the sect. Moreover, Valmiki also mentions that there are additional sequels, of which we discover 111 cantos. In other words, there are 645 cantos or 656 cantos in Srimad-Valmikiramayan.
(3) Divya Original Ramayana – 100 crore verses. In one of the conversations between Har and Parvati, the topic of Ramayana came up, and actually, Mahadev described it fully. This conversation is meant to be in heaven within the sort of an enormous book.
(4) Yogavasistha – This is often the second Ramayana written by Sage Valmiki. it’s basically a conversation between Maharshi Basishta and Lord Rama where Basishta teaches Rama Advaita Vedanta. it’s also called “Maharamayanam” because it contains quite four thousand verses quite Srimadbalmikiyaramayanam. Number of verses – 29,000 or 32,000 or 36,000 is claimed , but 29,63 verses are available. The 456 cantos of the book are divided into 7 parts, viz
1. Vairagya Prakaranam – 33 cantos
2. Mumukshu use prakaranam – 20 cantos
3. Origin Variety – 122 cantos
4. Status Variation – 72 cents
5. Upasham Prakaranam – 93 cantos
6. Nirvana Prakaranam – 126 cents within the half, 216 cents within the last half
Moreover, it’s also called Arsh Ramayana, Gyanbasistha, Basistha Gita.
(5) Laghuyogabasistha – Kashmiri Pandit – within the 9th century Yogabasistha prepared a little book of Maharamayanam which is named Laghuyogabasistha. Verse number 6000. The division is that the same as before, the amount of cantos is a smaller amount.
(6) Spiritual Ramayana – This Ramayana was recited by Lord Shankara to Mother Parvati. Kakbhushundi was present at that place. He also heard the story. Kakbhushundi is in a position to recollect that story even in rebirth. Which he taught his disciples and thus preached. it’s also a textbook of Advaita Vedanta and a part of the Brahmanda Purana. Verse number 4500, chapter number 65, 6 chapters of Srimadbalmiki Ramayana. The author is Maharshi Krishnadvaipayana Bedavasya.
(6) Ananda Ramayana – The third Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki describes what happened additionally to most events of the Ramayana. In a word, it’s for those that are excited and need to understand more. This book is extremely important for hymns. The Ananda Ramayana is split into nine chapters.
3. Yagkanda – Here is Rama’s seventy-seventh hymn
4. Bilaskanda – Ram Stotram is of special note
5. Janmakanda – Ramaraksha Mahamantram
7. Rajyakanda – Ramsahasranamastotram special note
8. Manoharkand – Here are Hanuman Kabcham, Ram Kabcham, Sita Kabcham, Lakshman Kabcham, Bharat Kabcham, and Shatrughna Kabcham.
9. Full episode
(6) Strange Ramayana – Maharshi Bharadwaj came to Sage Valmiki after learning about the first Ramayana many many verses. Want to understand all the more esoteric information. Sage Valmiki mentioned all the strange information that has been said about Goddess Sita. it’s also said to be the greatness of Goddess Sita, the fourth Ramayana written by Sage Valmiki within the 26th Serge.
(9) Hanuman Ramayana – Hanuman recorded the celebrity of his lord from his own memory and composed a Ramayana in seven banana leaves, on an enormous stone. What he showed to Valmiki, Valmiki was overwhelmed and cried. Valmiki says that Valmiki’s Ramayana is extremely insignificant to his beautiful Ramayana. Hearing this, Hanuman erases it to alleviate Valmiki’s suffering. the thought is that it’s still in Devlo, but nowhere is obvious information given.
Moreover, there could also be a Ramayana called “Agastya Ramayanam”
(10) About which I even have no idea about. A Sanskrit manuscript of the sixth century is found, entitled “Dash Griba Rakshas Charitram Badh”
(11) It’s divided into 5 chapters, almost like Sage Valmiki Ramayana but there’s no Balakanda and Uttarakhand. Besides, there are references to Ramayana in various texts like – Srimadbhagavatam Ninth Skandha, Vishnupurana, Agnipuranadi, and Mahabharata’s Banaparva.
Modern Ramayana texts
Among the fashionable Ramayanas, the primary to be mentioned is that the “Krittivasi Ramayana”
(12) This shows a small change from Srimad-Balmikiya Ramayana. The words of the Bengali Paramaradhya Goddess Durga are beautiful. Date of composition – Fifteenth century. The Ramayana was first translated into Telugu by Ranganath Ramayanamu.
(13) Within the 11th century, followed by the Ramayana
(14) By Telugu poet Atukuri Mollah within the 14th century. Then one by one,
(15) Ramchandra Charita Purana (Karnataka, 12th century)
(17) Kamba Ramayana (Tamil, twelfth century)
(17) Kumudendu Ramayana (Jain Ramayana, Karnataka, thirteenth century)
(16) Saptakanda Ramayana (Assam, fourteenth century)
(19) Bilanka Ramayana (Orissa, fifteenth century)
(20) Ramayana (Konkani, Goa, fifteenth century)
(21) Ramcharitamanas – Awadhi language of Ayodhya, author – Goswami Tulsidas. Hanuman Chalisa may be a part of this Ramayana. Sixteenth-century.
(22) Jagmohan Ramayana (Orissa, sixteenth century)
(23) Kumar Balmiki Torave Ramayana (Karnataka, sixteenth century)
(24) Kannassa Ramayana (Malayalam, sixteenth century)
(25) Spiritual Ramayana Kilipattu (Malayalam, sixteenth century)
(26) Raghunath Bilas (Orissa, 17th century)
(26) Vaidehish Bilas (Orissa, 17th Century)
(26) Character of Ramabata (Kashmiri, 19th century)
(29) Mithila language Ramayana
(30) Ramayana by Tulsi (Gujarati)
(31) Tika Ramayana (Orissa)
(32) Bichitra Ramayana (Orissa)
(33) Koshali Ramayana (Orissa)
(34) Indigenous Ramayana (Orissa)
(35) Pahariya Ramayana (Orissa)
(36) Ramcharitam (Malayalam)
(36) Srimad Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu (Telugu)
(36) Mappila Ramayana (Muslims of Kerala)
(39) Akbari Ramayana (Persian, in Akbar’s court)
(40) Manuscript Ramayana (Urdu, 16 AD)
Ramayana texts from other Indian religions
The Jains have more Ramayanas besides Kumudendu Ramayana, e.g.
(41) Paumacharyu of Bimalasuri (Prakrit language)
(42) Fifty-four great men of Shilankacharya Chariyam (Prakrit language)
(43) Harivadra’s cunning story (Prakrit language)
(44) Khavali of Bhadreshwar (Prakrit language)
(45) Fifty-four great men of Shilankacharya Chariyam (Prakrit language)
(46) The Padmapuran of Robisen (Sanskrit)
(46) Hemchandra of Yoga Scholarship (Sanskrit)
(46) Hemchandra’s Thirty-Six Male Character (Sanskrit)
(49) Dhaneshwar’s Shatrunjaya Mahatman (Sanskrit)
(50) Swayambhur Paumacharyu (Apabhrangbhasa)
(51) Gunabhadra’s Uttarapuranam (Sanskrit)
(52) Krishna’s full-of-the-moon (Sanskrit)
(53) The Mahapurana of Puspadanta (Apabhrangsa
(54) Basudeva Hindi of Sanghadas (Prakrit language)
(55) Harrison’s Dictionary (Prakrit)
(56) Nagmachandra’s Padmaramayana (Kannada language, 11th century)
(57) Ramayana of Jinadas (15th century)
(58) Raidhur Padmapuran (Apabhrangsabhasa, 15th century)
(59) Somaprabha’s youngest male character (15th century)
(60) Ramcharitra of Padmadeva Vijaya (18th century)
(61) Ramcharitra of Somdev (18th century)
(62) Meghvijay’s short-lived male character (18th century)
(63) Ramcharitra of Devabijayagnir (1598)
Buddhists have “Dasaratha Jataka” (64).
Nepal – Siddhi Ramayana (65)
Bhanubhaktako Ramayana (66)
Sri Lanka – Janakiharan (67)
(68) China, Tibet – Langka Sip Hor (Tai Lü language)
(69) Japan – Ramaenna or Ramaensho
(70) Cambodia – Reamker
(71) Bali – Ramakavaca
Java – Kakawin Ramayana (72)
Yogesvara Ramayana (73)
Sumatera – Ramayana Swarnadwipa (74)
Laos – Phra Lak Phra Lam (55)
Gvay Dvorahbi (76)
Malaysia – Hikayat Seri Rama (77)
Hikayat Maharaja Wana (78)
(79) Myanmar (Burma) – Yama Zatdaw (Yamayana)
Mindanao – Maharadia Lawana (80)
Darangen (Moro) (81)
(82) Thailand – Ramakien
(83) Kingdom of Lan Na, Thailand – Phommachak
Almost all the Puranas have a touch little bit of description of Rama, moreover, Ramayana is now available in many other languages, there are many various cultures. there’s in prose and drama. In all, about 300 different Ramayanas are often calculated. I finished here at 63 o’clock. I’ll offer you more later. However, the first author of the Ramayana, Balmiki’s Ramayana, should be considered because of the original.
I kept it here today. Next Friday I will be able to bring you some wonderful new information.
(84) Strange Ramayana (Bengali)
(85) Jagadrami-Ramprasadi Ramayana (Bengali)
(86) Chandrabati Ramayana (Bengali)